Casinos were once associated with mobsters and organized crime. Throughout the years, this image of casinos has been tainted, and the industry has paid a heavy price for it. Many casinos are now owned by hotel and real estate investors with a lot more money than mobsters, and the result has been a gradual decline in mob involvement. However, the casinos themselves still spend a lot on security measures.
Casinos are staffed by physical security forces and a specialized surveillance department. The former patrols the casino and responds to calls for assistance, while the latter operates the casino’s closed circuit television (CCTV) system, the casino’s “eye in the sky.” These two departments work closely together to ensure the safety of casino guests and protect their assets.
As a rule, the longer a player plays, the higher the house edge is. This means that the casino will not pay out more money to a patron than it takes to keep it going. In addition, casinos are notorious for having no windows or clocks, so a patron will have no idea of the time. Many casinos even offer free beverages to big bettors. However, these incentives can cost a player money.
Throughout the twentieth century, casinos became more advanced in technology, and now routinely use computers and video cameras to monitor the games and keep tabs on players’ performance. Casinos now also use “chip tracking” technology, which involves betting chips with built-in microcircuitry that helps casinos keep track of wagers minute-by-minute. Casinos also monitor roulette wheels for statistical deviations.